IRS Forms 1099 are critical to your tax return. Each Form 1099 is matched to your Social Security number, so the IRS can easily spew out a tax bill if you fail to report one. You are almost guaranteed an audit or tax notice if you fail to report a Form 1099. It matters a lot, especially now that the IRS has six years to audit, not three. Forms 1099 are supposed to be mailed out by January 31st.
Most Forms 1099 arrive in January or early February. However, they can come any time. Some companies issue the forms throughout the year when they issue checks. And there’s a curious delay rule too. Although the initial deadline is January 31, issuers of the forms are not required to file copies of all Forms 1099 with the IRS until the end of February. Most companies do not immediately file their IRS copies.
That one month delay is important. It may be sufficient time to address errors if you receive a Form 1099 you think is wrong. So contact the issuer if you receive one you believe is in error. There may be time to catch it before the error goes to the IRS.
Your name and address are important, but Forms 1099 are really controlled by your Social Security number. Even if an issuer has your old address, the information will be reported to the IRS (and your state tax authority) based on your Social Security number. If you don’t include the reported item on your tax return, the IRS issues a notice.
You need a Form W-2 to file with your return. Not so with most Forms 1099. In contrast to Forms W-2, you don’t file Forms 1099 with your return. Forms 1099 remind you that you earned interest, received a consulting fee, or were paid some other kind of income. There are many varieties, including 1099-INT for interest, 1099-DIV for dividends, 1099-G for tax refunds, 1099-R for pensions and 1099-MISC for miscellaneous income. These forms are sent by payors to you and the IRS.
The most common is Form 1099-MISC, which can cover just about any kind of income. Consulting income, or non-employee compensation is a big category for 1099-MISC. In fact, apart from wages, whatever you were paid in 2015, is likely to be reported on a Form 1099. Companies big and small churn them out. If you’re in business–even as a sole proprietor–you also may need to issue them.
Make sure payers have your correct address so you get a copy. Update your address directly with payers, and put in a forwarding order at the U.S. Post Office. You’ll want to see any forms the IRS sees. It’s also a good idea to file an IRS change of address Form 8822. The IRS explains why at Topic 157 – Change of Address–How to Notify IRS.
If you don’t receive a Form 1099, you are better off in most cases not asking for it. If you don’t receive a Form 1099 you expect, just report the income. Reporting extra income that doesn’t match a Form 1099 is not a problem. The IRS does not consider that a mismatch. Only the reverse is a problem.
If you call or write the payor asking for a Form 1099, the payor may issue it incorrectly. Alternatively, you may end up with two, one issued in the ordinary course (even if you never received it), and one issued because you asked for it. The IRS computer may think you had twice the income you really did.
For example, if you settled a suit and received money in 2015, don’t ask for a Form 1099. Just report it if it is income. Generally, everything is income, including money for settling a lawsuit. One of the few exceptions is lawsuit recoveries for physical injuries. Damages for physical injuries are tax-free under Section 104 of the tax code.
Yet only physical injuries and physical sickness qualify. Damages for emotional distress are taxed, unless the emotional distress emanated from physical injuries or physical sickness, in which case it’s tax-free. That’s just one of 10 things to know about taxes on legal settlements
For alerts to tax articles, email me at Wood@WoodLLP.com. This article is not legal advice.
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